Sunday, July 12, 2020

How Did Iran Manage to Reverse-Engineer a U.S. Howitzer with Soviet Features?

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Here’s What You Need To Remember: The Raad 2 is a prime instance of what the Iranian protection business does finest—holding legacy weapon techniques alive by a mixture of reverse-engineering copies of international {hardware}, and mating techniques.

This Iranian self-propelled howitzer is half American, half Russian, and apparently constructed fully in Iran.

Import-Export

Iran’s home-grown arms producer, the Defense Industries Organization, is chargeable for creating fairly a big selection of Iran’s army {hardware}. DIO is an Iranian state-owned group that has reverse-engineered a great amount of apparatus for the Iranian army—and one in all their self-propelled artillery items isn’t any exception.

Raad 2

The Raad 2, or “Thunder” is self-propelled howitzer domestically produced by DIO in Iran and is a unusual union of an initially American-designed turret and a Soviet-designed hull. Although the precise specs of the Raad 2 usually are not identified, inferences could be made by what is thought concerning the platforms it’s primarily based on.

The dad or mum turret comes from the American M109A1, a barely modified variant of the M109 self-propelled howitzer. The A1 is kind of comparable, however has a longer barrel that gave the A1 a longer vary than its dad or mum—up to 18,000 meters, or simply over 11 miles. The Raad 2 appears to have simply this turret, although it’s most likely a reverse-engineered Iranian copy, relatively than the unique.

The spherical each the M109 and the Raad 2 fireplace is the NATO-standard 155 millimeter spherical, which is without doubt one of the commonest artillery rounds on the planet. Some sources declare that the Iranian model has a longer vary than the American M109—about 30 kilometers, or virtually 19 miles. The Raad 2 shares the identical muzzle brake system at its American counterpart for countering the excessive quantity of recoil generated by the gun, and may most likely fireplace up to 5 rounds a minute.

BMP-1

The Raad 2’s hull appears to be the Iranian Boragh, itself a copy of the Soviet-designed BMP-1, a 1960s-era amphibious armored personnel service. Like the BMP-1, the Boragh has twin tracks, although the hull is an odd selection for a cell artillery piece, because the platform is comparatively small, and at first look lacks the suspension and observe width to help a massive artillery system just like the Raad 2. Most self-propelled howitzers usually are not amphibious just like the BMP-1, due to their excessive curb weight, which tends to be fairly top-heavy.

The Raad 2 seemingly has a crew of three, comparable to a tank crew—gunner, commander, and driver. Some later fashions have been reported to have a greater output diesel engine of Ukrainian origin.

Postscript

The Raad 2 is a prime instance of what the Iranian protection business does finest—holding legacy weapon techniques alive by a mixture of reverse-engineering copies of international {hardware}, and mating techniques—just like the Raad 2—that may not seem to belong collectively. The Raad 2 seemingly nonetheless has many extra years of service earlier than retiring.

Caleb Larson holds a Master of Public Policy diploma from the Willy Brandt School of Public Policy. He lives in Berlin and writes on U.S. and Russian international and protection coverage, German politics, and tradition.

This article first appeared final month and is being republished due to reader curiosity.

Image: Wikimedia.

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World Corona Virus Cases Update

12,814,430 Total
566,647 (4.4%) Deaths
7,465,691 (58.3%) Recovered
11 Jul 2020, 9:52 AM (GMT)

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